Mid-callosal plane determination using preferred directions from diffusion tensor images
André L. Costa and Letícia Rittner and Roberto A. Lotufo and Simone Appenzeller
The corpus callosum is the major brain structure responsible for inter--hemispheric communication between neurons. Many studies seek to relate corpus callosum attributes to patient characteristics, cerebral diseases and psychological disorders. Most of those studies rely on 2D analysis of the corpus callosum in the mid--sagittal plane. However, it is common to find conflicting results among studies, once many ignore methodological issues and define the mid--sagittal plane based on precary or invalid criteria with respect to the corpus callosum. In this work we propose a novel method to determine the mid--callosal plane using the corpus callosum internal preferred diffusion directions obtained from diffusion tensor images. This plane is analogous to the mid--sagittal plane, but intended to serve exclusively as the corpus callosum reference. Our method elucidates the great potential the directional information of the corpus callosum fibers have to indicate its own referential. Results from experiments with five image pairs from distinct subjects, obtained under the same conditions, demonstrate the method effectiveness to find the corpus callosum symmetric axis relative to the axial plane.
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